The City-State Period
The City-State Period of Klingon history began as the areas held by the populations of various clans got larger and they began to bump into one another. This growth in area would not have been possible had Klingons not developed irrigation first. As irrigation developed, the overlords wanted to be able to see their holdings at a glance. Mapmaking developed followed soon by the lettering necessary to mark the names of the places on the maps. Actual written language developed through the overlords' need to track troop movements and transport orders.
As the various city-states of Klinzai began skirmishing on the borders, the nature and qualifications of the overlords changed. Strength had always been respected as well as cunning, to some extent, as evidenced in the religious philosophy developed regarding Durgath. Now, however, people began to see that there were, in fact, other large sources of water capable of supporting entire populations and that it would be far more productive to try to take over another group's water supply than to search for new ones. The warrior, with all of the present-day connotations of being intelligent in battle, had earned a permanently respected place in society. As a consequence of this development, cunning, military strategy, and intelligence were respected as much as strength. No longer did Klingons kill a leader when he had become too weak to physically force his orders. Now, they began to revere old age because older Klingons had more experience and were more likely to win wars.
It was also at this time that Klingons developed the concept of nobility known as theld. Those children whose fathers were great military strategists learned this strategy at a young age. Thus, through this accident of birth, they were more cunning at an earlier age and were considered better than other children. Gradually the concepts of nobility and kuve developed.
Because of the complex nature of Klingon lines of family and inheritance, the ceremony of Jha Jook developed in which those who felt they had a claim to the throne would present their claim to the people. Those who were judged to have valid claims would then present their qualifications to lead. If there was no man more clearly qualified they would fight and the survivor would be overlord.
According to the ancient records, which were admittedly biased because they were written at the order of the overlord, this is how Kapek the Glorious became overlord of the Kamorh'dag area at the age of 12 standard years. Kapek's cunning and intelligence were obviously high as he was able to defeat his full-grown cousin at this early age. However, records show that Kapek soon peaked. At the age of 20 he ruled a vast area that became known as the Kamorh'dag Empire, demanding tribute from almost half the planet. However, he was most concerned with keeping his home area contented and he thus trod upon the needs and expectations of his tribute city-states, which, expectedly, did not sit well with them. He was able to keep them in line for a time, but by the time he was 30 all the countries had revolted and Kapek's own Kamorh'dag home region was being nibbled at around the edges by former tributary city-states.
The personal diary of his chamber servant says that one morning Kapek awoke and claimed the sun was brighter than usual. He went out to the balcony to find out why, looked full in the sun, and apparently went completely mad. According to the diary, Kapek started screaming at the sun saying "stop laughing, damn you, stop laughing." He then snarled and jumped to attack the sun. He died in the fall from the balcony.