Ovulation refers to the process of a mature egg releasing from the ovary. After that, it moves on to the fallopian tube, where it stays for 12 to 24 hours, where it can be fertilized.
A woman is most fertile during this process of ovulation, and the chances of conceiving are higher. It usually happens 10 to 16 days before the menstrual cycle. For a woman having a regular period cycle, it is easy to determine the day of ovulation with the help of a fertility calculator. Those with an irregular cycle can identify by looking for some symptoms that are very easy to experience. Some of these are as follows:
Increase in basal body temperature
The body temperature varies throughout the day, depending upon the activities we do; for example, it rises during exercising, etcetera. The basal body temperature is the temperature when the body is at rest. For this, you will have to monitor your daily morning body temperature at the same time before getting out of bed. You will be able to estimate the approximate day when ovulation occurred.
It is normal to experience pain during an ongoing menstrual cycle, but if you experience severe abdominal pain during mid-cycle, it might be an indicator that you are ovulating. It is a temporary but sharp pain experienced in the lower abdominal region. This usually happens just before ovulation, giving you a sign that you are most fertile around that time.
Ferning patterns in saliva
This is a very difficult symptom to identify, but still. While ovulating, the hormones of the body — especially estrogen and progesterone— are at work. These hormones cause changes to the saliva, making a ferning pattern in the saliva. It looks like a frost on a windowpane. This can be detected with the help of a microscope, even a toy microscope, as it does not require very minute details to be noticed; it is just the pattern you need to identify. However, this is quite an uncommon method of estimating your ovulation day.
If you are experiencing irregular ovulation, or you are not experiencing it at all, or you are not able to identify the symptoms, there is another way of doing it. Medical tests and consulting a doctor are always the most reliable and convenient methods of identifying anything. The most common test for ovulation is the progesterone blood test. There are also many other tests that your doctor might ask you to undertake; it depends upon the reason you are undertaking a test.
For anyone who wishes to conceive and hopes to build a family, monitoring the ovulation cycle and the menstrual cycle become suddenly very important. Some doubts and queries come to mind during this period, and in a sense, it is good to have them. Although it is not very difficult to determine the time when a woman is the most fertile, if there are any apprehensions, it is always best to consult an expert or a doctor.